Bharat Ratna Atal Bihari Vajpayee Biography
Bharat Ratna Atal Bihari Vajpayee Biography: Death, Birth Place, Early life, Age, Political Career, Awards & Honours, Personal life, and many more read our latest article on Bharat Ratna Atal Bihari Vajpayee Biography.
President Droupadi Murmu, Vice President Jagdeep Dhankhar, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Home Minister Amit Shah, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh along with other dignitaries paid floral tributes to former prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee on 16th August 2022 on his fourth death anniversary at the memorial for Vajpayee known as ‘Sadaiv Atal’ in Delhi.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee was the former Prime Minister of India between 1998 to 2004. He died in 2018 at the age of 93 years. Vajpayee first took charge as India’s PM in 1996. He remained PM for a second and third terms between 1998 to 2004.
Who was Atal Bihari Vajpayee?
A former veteran Indian politician Atal Bihari Vajpayee was the 10th Prime Minister of India. Vajpayee’s Prime Ministerial tenure included three non-consecutive terms – the first for 15 days (from 16 May 1996 to 1 June 1996), the second for a period of 13 months (from 19 March 1998 to 26 April 1999), and the third for five years (from 13 October 1999 till 22 May 2004). He was the first Prime Minister since Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru to take charge as PM for two successive mandates.
Vajpayee was a veteran Parliamentarian elected 9 times to the Lok Sabha and 2 times to the Rajya Sabha. He played a pivotal role in India’s post-Independence domestic and foreign policy. During his student life, he joined the Quit India Movement of 1942. As a political science student, Vajpayee developed an interest in foreign affairs, reflected in his skills while representing India at various bilateral and multilateral forums.
Birth Place Of Atal Bihari Vajpayee
The birthplace of Atal Bihari Vajpayee was Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh.
Age Of Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Atal Bihari Vajpayee was born on 25th December 1924 and died on 16th August 2018. At the time of death, he was 93 years old.
Political Career of Atal Bihari Vajpayee
As a student, Atal Bihari Vajpayee was a part of the Quit India Movement of 1942. Later joined the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) in 1939 as a volunteer. By 1942, he had become an active member of the RSS. Vajpayee and his elder brother were also arrested for 24 days during the Quit India Movement. In 1951, Vajpayee was chosen by the RSS to work for the then newly formed Hindu right-wing political party Bharatiya Jana Sangh. He got appointed as a national secretary of the party.
In the 1957 Indian General Election, Vajpayee contested elections to the Lok Sabha. To be noted, the then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru was highly impressed by the oratory skills of Vajpayee. In 1968, Vajpayee became the national president of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh after the death of Deendayal Upadhyaya.
In the 1977 General Elections, a coalition of parties including the Bharatiya Jana Sangh formed the Janata Party which won the general elections. Vajpayee served as the External Affairs minister then. As foreign minister, Vajpayee also has been the first person from India who delivered a speech in 1977 to the United Nations General Assembly in Hindi. In 1980, the Bharatiya Jana Sangh came together to form the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) with Vajpayee as its first president.
Awards & Honours
Atal Bihari Vajpayee was conferred with national honors:
Bharat Ratna (2015)
Padma Vibhushan (1992)
Besides political aspirations, Atal Bihari Vajpayee was also a noted poet. He wrote poems in Hindi. Among his renowned works include, Kaidi Kaviraj Ki Kundalian, a collection of poems that he had composed during imprisonment at the time of the 1975–77 emergency, and ‘Amar aag hai’.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee never got married and remained a bachelor his entire life. He, instead, adopted the daughter of his long time friend, Rajkumari Kaul and Prof B. N. Kaul. His adoptive daughter was Namita Bhattacharya and the family lived with him. He breathed his last on 16th August 2018.
Childhood and Early Life
Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s place of birth was Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh. He was born to Krishna Bihari Vajpayee and Krishna Devi in a Hindu Brahmin family. After finishing his schooling at Saraswati Shisu Mandir and Anglo-Vernacular Middle (AVM) School in Barnagar, Ujjain, Atal went on to attend Gwalior’s Victoria College where he completed his BA in English, Sanskrit and Hindi. He then pursued and completed his postgraduate studies in Political Science at DAV College in Kanpur. He then went to pursue law but then gave it up owing to the partition riots of 1947.
History as Prime Minister
Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s history as the Prime Minister of India is also quite remarkable. He served as the country’s Prime Minister for three terms. In the year 1996, he was sworn in as the 10th Prime Minister of India. However, when the Bharatiya Janata Party failed to form a majority in the Lok Sabha, Vajpayee resigned just after a period of 16 days as it became evident that he did not have the support necessary to form a government.
His second term as a Prime Minister began after the 1998 general elections that resulted in the formation of the National Democratic Alliance. This Atal Bihari Vajpayee-led government lasted for a total of 13 months.
The third and final term of Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s lasted for the full 5-year period starting from 1999 to 2004. Since Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Atal Bihari Vajpayee was the only candidate to have become Prime Minister of India with 2 successive mandates.
Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee made a number of remarkable contributions to the development of the country. He served not only as the Prime Minister of India but also as it Foreign Minister and Chairperson of various important Standing Committees of Parliament. He had also been an active Leader of the Opposition. Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee has thus played a significant role in shaping up domestic and foreign policies of independent India.
He was also a true advocate of social equality and an ardent champion of empowerment for women. Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee believed in an India that is anchored in 5000 years of civilizational history but is modernizing, renewing, and rejuvenating itself to meet the challenges that lay ahead in the years to come.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee was mainly considered a pragmatist but when criticized for testing nuclear weapons in the year 1998, he assumed a non-deterring defiant posture. He also played a key role in making dedicated efforts to resolve the long-running feud between Pakistan and India over the region of Kashmir. Given his inspiring leadership, India was able to achieve steady growth in the economy and soon paved the way for the nation to become a leader in the information technology sector.